Cashmere, sometimes referred to as pashmina, is one of the most precious kinds of wool fabrics. It is often called 'soft gold' or 'diamond fibre' for its outstanding warmth, softness and light weight. What makes it so special is its finest yarn: the average diameter of high-grade cashmere fiber is under 19 microns (1/10th the diameter of a human hair), while that of pashmina yarn is even lower.
Such impressive properties made cashmere highly favoured both in Asia and Europe since the Middle Ages, and this fabric is still regarded as an attribute of wealth. However, do all the cashmere fabrics offered on the market today truly deserve to be called luxury? Let's define the criteria of cashmere luxuriousness, and learn some simple ways to make sure you have spent your money on the desired exclusive fabric.
Cashmere fabric is a wool cloth woven from a Kashmir goat down. It has a number of outstanding features which nature can largely be explained by the severe climatic conditions of that animal areal — the mountain regions of Tibet, India, Mongolia and Iran, where the average altitude reaches as high as 3,000-4,500 m above the sea level.
The typical features of cashmere are legendary. It is the ideal combination of warmth, light weight and comfort, all making this wool sort superior to the rest. Not surprisingly, the fibres made from Kashmir goat down are known to be extremely soft. It also feels very tender against your skin, as its fibres have a bumpy shape.
Given such precious properties, cashmere is applied for a wide range of clothing — sweaters, shawls, suits, cardigans, blazers, coats, ponchos, and much more. There’re no gender limitations in using this fabric — both men and women highly value cashmere wool.
At this point, you might be quite embarrassed with the name of this post. If cashmere is so awesome, what can be its luxury version about? A fair question, apparently. The thing is, even having that precious properties, luxury cashmere fabrics vary in their quality. There’re several factors that influence the way it looks and feels:
The finest yarn comes from Changthangi (Kashmir Pashmina) cashmere goat and reaches 12-13 μm in its diameter, with average fibre length between 55-60 mm. This rarest yarn accounts for less than 0.1% of global cashmere production.
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